Gender based violence is defined broadly as:
'Gender based violence is a function of gender inequality, and an abuse of male power and privilege. It takes the form of actions that result in physical, sexual and psychological harm or suffering to women and children, or affront to their human dignity, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
'It is men who predominantly carry out such violence, and women who are predominantly the victims of such violence. By referring to violence as 'gender based' this definition highlights the need to understand violence within the context of women's and girl's subordinate status in society.
'Such violence cannot be understood, therefore, in isolation from the norms, social structure and gender roles within the community, which greatly influence women's vulnerability to violence.’ (Scottish Government)
What is the role of trade unions?
Any incident in which a person is abused, threatened or assaulted in circumstances relating to their work is not acceptable.
Their role in tackling violence is as important an issue for trade unions as any other issue. They must support their members, educate and campaign with members and lobby employers and government.