In the past, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education (HMIE) was the executive agency with responsibility for evaluating the quality of pre-school, school and teacher education, plus community learning and development, further education and local authorities.

Due to a decision by the Scottish Government, Education Scotland, a new agency, inherited the full range of functions formerly undertaken by HMIE.

Recently, Education Scotland adopted a revised school inspection model based on a new framework for inspection. In response, the EIS has revised its advice to schools and educational establishments in order to support the range of education sectors in understanding the inspection process.